Genomic Disorders in CKD across the Lifespan

Miguel Verbitsky, Sarathbabu Krishnamurthy, Priya Krithivasan, Daniel Hughes, Atlas Khan, Maddalena Marasà, Natalie Vena, Pavan Khosla, Junying Zhang, Tze Y. Lim, Joseph T. Glessner, Chunhua Weng, Ning Shang, Yufeng Shen, George Hripcsak, Hakon Hakonarson, Iuliana Ionita-Laza, Brynn Levy, Eimear E. Kenny, Ruth J.F. LoosKrzysztof Kiryluk, Simone Sanna-Cherchi, David R. Crosslin, Susan Furth, Bradley A. Warady, Robert P. Igo, Sudha K. Iyengar, Craig S. Wong, Afshin Parsa, Harold I. Feldman, Ali G. Gharavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significance StatementPathogenic structural genetic variants, also known as genomic disorders, have been associated with pediatric CKD. This study extends those results across the lifespan, with genomic disorders enriched in both pediatric and adult patients compared with controls. In the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study, genomic disorders were also associated with lower serum Mg, lower educational performance, and a higher risk of death. A phenome-wide association study confirmed the link between kidney disease and genomic disorders in an unbiased way. Systematic detection of genomic disorders can provide a molecular diagnosis and refine prediction of risk and prognosis.BackgroundGenomic disorders (GDs) are associated with many comorbid outcomes, including CKD. Identification of GDs has diagnostic utility.MethodsWe examined the prevalence of GDs among participants in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) cohort II (n=248), Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study (n=3375), Columbia University CKD Biobank (CU-CKD; n=1986), and the Family Investigation of Nephropathy and Diabetes (FIND; n=1318) compared with 30,746 controls. We also performed a phenome-wide association analysis (PheWAS) of GDs in the electronic MEdical Records and GEnomics (eMERGE; n=11,146) cohort.ResultsWe found nine out of 248 (3.6%) CKiD II participants carried a GD, replicating prior findings in pediatric CKD. We also identified GDs in 72 out of 6679 (1.1%) adult patients with CKD in the CRIC, CU-CKD, and FIND cohorts, compared with 199 out of 30,746 (0.65%) GDs in controls (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.3 to 2.2). Among adults with CKD, we found recurrent GDs at the 1q21.1, 16p11.2, 17q12, and 22q11.2 loci. The 17q12 GD (diagnostic of renal cyst and diabetes syndrome) was most frequent, present in 1:252 patients with CKD and diabetes. In the PheWAS, dialysis and neuropsychiatric phenotypes were the top associations with GDs. In CRIC participants, GDs were associated with lower serum magnesium, lower educational achievement, and higher mortality risk.ConclusionUndiagnosed GDs are detected both in children and adults with CKD. Identification of GDs in these patients can enable a precise genetic diagnosis, inform prognosis, and help stratify risk in clinical studies. GDs could also provide a molecular explanation for nephropathy and comorbidities, such as poorer neurocognition for a subset of patients.PodcastThis article contains a podcast at https://dts.podtrac.com/redirect.mp3/www.asn-online.org/media/podcast/JASN/2023_04_03_JASN2022060725.mp3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-618
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • genetic kidney disease
  • genetics and development
  • glomerular disease
  • glomerulonephritis
  • glomerulopathy

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