Genetic variants of FTO influence adiposity, insulin sensitivity, leptin levels, and resting metabolic rate in the Quebec family study

Ron Do, Swneke D. Bailey, Katia Desbiens, Alexandre Belisle, Alexandre Montpetit, Claude Bouchard, Louis Pérusse, Marie Claude Vohl, James C. Engert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

202 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE-A genome-wide association study conducted by the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium recently associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FTO (fatso/ fat mass and obesity associated) gene with type 2 diabetes. These associations were shown to be mediated by obesity. Other research groups found similar results in Europeans and Hispan-ics but not African Americans. The mechanism by which FTO influences obesity and type 2 diabetes is currently unknown. The present study investigated the role of two FTO SNPs (rs17817449 and rs1"21085) in adiposity, insulin sensitivity, and body weight regulation, including energy intake and expenditure. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-We genotyped 908 individuals from the Quebec City metropolitan area that participated in the Quebec Family Study, a long-term study of extensively phenotyped individuals designed to investigate factors involved in adiposity. RESULTS-We found significant associations for both SNPs with several obesity-related phenotypes. In particular, rs17817449 was associated with BMI (P = 0.0014), weight (P = 0.0059), and waist circumference (P = 0.0021) under an additive model. In addition, this FTO SNP influenced fasting insulin (P = 0.011), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (P = 0.038), and an insulin sensitivity index derived from an oral glucose tolerance test (P = 0.0091). Associations were also found with resting metabolic rate (RMR) (P = 0.042) and plasma leptin levels (P = 0.036). Adjustment for BMI abolished the associations with insulin sensitivity, RMR, and plasma leptin levels. CONCLUSIONS-These results confirm that genetic variation at the FTO locus contributes to the etiology of obesity, insulin resistance, and increased plasma leptin levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1150
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

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