Genetic probing of the yeast plasma membrane H+-ATPase

D. S. Perlin, S. L. Harris, B. C. Monk, D. Seto-Young, S. Na, S. Anand, J. E. Haber

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9 Scopus citations


The H+-ATPase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been probed by a random genetic approach that has led to the isolation of primary and secondary site mutations. These H+-ATPase (PMA1) mutants help define specific functional, as well as interacting, regions of the H+-ATPase. Cellular resistance to hygromycin B has been an important selection tool for the isolation of pmal mutants. One prominent hygromycin B-resistant mutant, pmal-105, was found to have a S368F mutation near the site of phosphorylation (D378) in the catalytic core. This mutation prevents growth in low pH or NH4+-containing medium and induces an acid-sensitive Vmax for ATP hydrolysis, as well as a pronounced insensitivity to vanadate. The prominent cellular and biochemical phenotypes of this strain facilitated a detailed revertant analysis to identify protein structure domains that interact directly or indirectly with the localized region defined by the F368 mutation. Partial revertants were isolated which were resistant to low pH or NH4+ but retained hygromycin resistance. Second site mutations were found within the first and second cytoplasmic loop domains, as well as in transmembrane segments 1-3 and 7. All of the revertant enzymes have a stable Vmax but some show changes in the pH optimum for ATP hydrolysis; all display vanadate sensitivities ranging between the insensitive F368 mutant and the fully-sensitive wild type enzyme. Revertant analyses have also been performed on two other pmal mutants which carry the mutations A135V and G158D in transmembrane segments 1 and 2, respectively. Compensating second site mutations to these mutations were identified in transmembrane segments 1, 2, 4 and 7, as well as within the central catalytic domain. These analyses have helped identify interacting protein structure domains that may participate in coupling ATP hydrolysis to proton transport. Furthermore, they facilitate the construction of structural models to account for these interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalActa Physiologica Scandinavica, Supplement
Issue number607
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • PMA1
  • intragenic revertants
  • molecular model
  • vanadate insensitivity
  • yeast H-ATPase


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