Gender Trends in Authorship of Original Otolaryngology Publications: A Fifteen-Year Perspective

Annie E. Arrighi-Allisan, Devki C. Shukla, Annika M. Meyer, Sarah M. Kidwai, Sharon H. Barazani, Maura K. Cosetti, Marita S. Teng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine trends in female author representation within original otolaryngology research between 2000 and 2015. Methods: Original research articles published in 11 otolaryngology journals were analyzed for 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. The genders of the first and last authors for each article were recorded. Overall female authorship was calculated by summing the numbers of the first, last, and both first and last female-authored articles. Student t test and Cochran-Armitage trend test were utilized to determine significance between years and groups. Results: Of the 9,623 research articles published during 5 representative years, 223 were excluded due to one or more gender-indeterminate authors. Female first authorship exhibited a significant upward trend from 2000 to 2015 (P < 0.0001), as did the proportion of literature with female first and last authors (P < 0.0001). Although female senior authorship in literature with an impact factor (IF) greater than 2 did not increase significantly (10.0% in 2000 to 10.1% in 2015; P = 0.738), this metric did increase significantly just within journals with an IF between 1 and 2 (9.7%–12.3%, P = 0.036). The proportion of articles with a female author in the first, last, or both positions increased from 28% to 39% (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Increasing female representation in otolaryngology literature may reflect the rising proportion of women within otolaryngology as well as greater mentorship availability. Despite these auspicious strides, female-authored articles nonetheless represent a smaller proportion of the literature, and female senior authors remain a stark minority. Future studies should identify the barriers to female access and advancement within the field. Level of Evidence: III Laryngoscope, 130:2126–2132, 2020.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2126-2132
Number of pages7
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • Otolaryngology
  • literature
  • research
  • surgery
  • women


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