Gender differences in psychological distress among patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Edward B. Blanchard, Laurie Keefer, Tara E. Galovski, Ann E. Taylor, Shannon M. Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined possible gender differences in psychological distress in a sample of treatment-seeking Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) patients. Methods: A total of 341 IBS patients (238 females, 83 males) were studied. Structured psychiatric interviews were available on 250 participants. Results: We found significantly higher scores for females than males on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Trait Anxiety of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Scales 2 and 3 of the MMPI. However, there were no differences in the percentages of the two samples meeting criteria for one or more Axis I psychiatric disorders, with 65.6% of the total sample meeting these criteria. Conclusion: Gender differences in psychological distress appear to be a function of method of measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-275
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gender effects and psychological distress
  • IBS
  • Psychiatric diagnoses in IBS
  • Psychological distress in IBS

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