Gender differences in outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome in the current era: A review

Ying C. Tan, Hannah Sinclair, Kuldeepa Ghoorah, Xuyan Teoh, Roxana Mehran, Vijay Kunadian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coronary heart disease is the most common cause of death worldwide. In the United Kingdom in 2010, over 80,000 deaths were attributed to coronary heart disease, and one in 10 female deaths were due to coronary heart disease. Acute coronary syndrome, a subset of coronary heart disease, was responsible for 175,000 inpatient admissions in the United Kingdom in 2012. While men have traditionally been considered to be at higher risk of acute coronary syndrome, various studies have demonstrated that women often suffer from poorer outcomes following an adverse cardiovascular event. This gap is gradually narrowing with the introduction of advanced interventional strategies and pharmacotherapy. However, a better understanding of these differences is of crucial importance for the improvement of the pharmacological and interventional management of acute coronary syndrome and for the development of possible new gender-specific diagnostic and therapeutic options. The goals of this review are to evaluate gender differences in outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome in the current era and identify potential mechanisms behind these differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Women
  • acute coronary syndrome
  • coronary disease
  • gender differences
  • myocardial infarction
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • unstable angina

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