Gender-Based Differences in Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of Chronic Total Occlusions (Insights from a Large Single-Center Registry)

Htoo Kyaw, Gennaro Giustino, Suwen Kumar, Samantha Sartori, Hanbo Qiu, Yihan Feng, Suvruta Iruvanti, Annapoorna Kini, Roxana Mehran, Samin K. Sharma

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Patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) are at a high risk for both periprocedural and post-procedural adverse events. Whether gender-differences in outcomes exist after PCI of CTO remain unclear. Therefore, we sought to investigate gender-based differences in outcomes after CTO-PCI. All patients who underwent elective CTO intervention from January 2012 to December 2017 at The Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, New York) were included. The primary end point of interest was major adverse cardiac events defined as the composite of death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization at 1 year of follow-up. A total 1,897 patients were included, of which 368 were women (19.4%). Mean follow-up time was 174 days. Women were older (66.8 ± 11.3 years vs 62.6 ± 10.9 years) and had a higher prevalence of co-morbidities including diabetes and chronic kidney disease. There were no significant differences in the rate of successful CTO-PCI between groups (73.5% vs 73.2%, p = 0.91). Women had higher rates of procedure-related complications including increased risk of post-procedural bleeding (4.1% vs 1.8%, p = 0.009) and acute vessel closure (1.36% vs 0.2%, p = 0.009). In multivariable-adjusted analysis, female gender was associated with higher risk of major adverse cardiac event and target vessel revascularization at 1 year. In conclusion, in this large single-center study, women who underwent percutaneous CTO revascularization experienced higher rates of periprocedural complications and worse clinical outcomes at 1 year compared with men. Further research is needed to address disparities in gender-specific outcomes of CTO-PCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-113
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2023


  • chronic total occlusions
  • coronary artery disease
  • drug-eluting stents
  • percutaneous coronary intervention


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