To explore the role of patient preferences in explaining gender differences in the use of invasive cardiac procedures, we surveyed 174 patients presenting for cardiac stress testing at a university hospital. Controlling for sociodemographic factors, health status, symptom severity, and history of prior procedures, women expressed greater willingness than men to accept a physician's recommendation of cardiac catheterization (odds ratio 7.1; 95% confidence interval 1.1, 45.3) and similar willingness to accept a recommendation for coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass graft surgery. We conclude that patient preferences are unlikely to explain gender disparities in the use of invasive cardiac procedures.
- Coronary angiography
- Coronary artery bypass
- Patient acceptance of health care
- Percutaneous coronary