Gender affirmation surgery: A primer on imaging correlates for the radiologist

Florence X. Doo, Azita Khorsandi, Bella Avanessian, Marci Bowers, Alexander S. Somwaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of common gender affirmation surgical therapies, define key anatomy, and describe select complications using multidisciplinary, multimodality approaches. Conclusion. Gender affirmation therapy may be tailored to the needs of each individual patient. There are three major categories of gender affirmation surgery: genital reconstruction (comprising vaginoplasty and either metoidioplasty or phalloplasty), body contouring, and maxillofacial contouring (facial feminization or masculinization). If encountered in diagnostic imaging, routine evaluation should take into consideration normal postsurgical anatomy and key associated unique complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1203
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2019


  • Body contouring
  • Gender affirmation surgery
  • Maxillofacial contouring
  • Metoidioplasty
  • Phalloplasty
  • Transgender health
  • Vaginoplasty


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