Distinctive arthritic patterns, some of which may parallel or even precede intestinal disease activity, are seen in inflammatory bowel disease. Some spondyloarthropathies are associated with transient ileocolic inflammation. Vasculitis frequently affects the gastrointestinal tract, predominantly manifesting with abdominal pain. In severe cases, intestinal ischemia and perforation may occur. Various arthritides are thought to be associated with other gastrointestinal diseases, such as celiac disease and hepatitis. The association between intestinal disease and arthritis is still being investigated. Interactions between the inflammatory intestinal cells and inflamed synovial cells have been demonstrated. Certain intestinal bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumoniae are suspected to play a role as triggers for the development of arthropathies. Genetic factors, especially human leukocyte antigen associations, are also being increasingly investigated for better characterization of the types of arthritis and possible prognostic implications. Various therapies, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, used to treat rheumatologic diseases have the potential to cause gastrointestinal complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-465
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Rheumatology Reports
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2002


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