Background: The link between post-operative narcotic prescription and opioid misuse has spurred a nationwide effort to reduce perioperative opioid use. Previous work has suggested that perioperative gabapentin may reduce post-operative pain and opioid consumption across different procedures, although the optimal regimen remains to be defined. Methods: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) with or without septoplasty were randomized to receive a 7-day pre- and post-operative course of placebo or gabapentin, starting at 300 mg daily and titrated to 300 mg three times daily, in a double-blind fashion. Primary endpoint was pain level using a validated visual analog scale (VAS). Secondary endpoints included post-operative opioid consumption and side effects, as well as modified Lund-Kennedy endoscopy, Lund-Mackay, and SNOT-22 scores. Results: Analysis of 35 patients (20 gabapentin, 15 control) showed no significant difference in mean postoperative VAS (p = 0.18) or postoperative opioid consumption between the placebo and gabapentin groups (2.3 and 4.8 oxycodone tablets respectively, p = 0.18). 15 of 35 patients did not require any post-operative oxycodone tablets, and only two patients required more than six tablets. Conclusion: Preliminary results show no significant change in pain after FESS with or without septoplasty in patients taking 7-day pre- and post-operative gabapentin versus placebo. Results also showed no significant difference in opioid consumption between the treatment and placebo groups. Post-operative pain scores and opioid requirements are both quite low following FESS. Many patients do not need opioids at all, suggesting that routine initial post-operative opioid prescriptions can be limited accordingly.
|American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
|Published - 1 Jan 2024
- Analgesia, septoplasty