Functional Versatility of the Human 2-Oxoadipate Dehydrogenase in the L-Lysine Degradation Pathway toward Its Non-Cognate Substrate 2-Oxopimelic Acid

Natalia S. Nemeria, Balint Nagy, Roberto Sanchez, Xu Zhang, João Leandro, Attila Ambrus, Sander M. Houten, Frank Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The human 2-oxoadipate dehydrogenase complex (OADHc) in L-lysine catabolism is involved in the oxidative decarboxylation of 2-oxoadipate (OA) to glutaryl-CoA and NADH (+H+). Genetic findings have linked the DHTKD1 encoding 2-oxoadipate dehydrogenase (E1a), the first component of the OADHc, to pathogenesis of AMOXAD, eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), and several neurodegenerative diseases. A multipronged approach, including circular dichroism spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry, and computational approaches, was applied to provide novel insight into the mechanism and functional versatility of the OADHc. The results demonstrate that E1a oxidizes a non-cognate substrate 2-oxopimelate (OP) as well as OA through the decarboxylation step, but the OADHc was 100-times less effective in reactions producing adipoyl-CoA and NADH from the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (E2o) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). The results revealed that the E2o is capable of producing succinyl-CoA, glutaryl-CoA, and adipoyl-CoA. The important conclusions are the identification of: (i) the functional promiscuity of E1a and (ii) the ability of the E2o to form acyl-CoA products derived from homologous 2-oxo acids with five, six, and even seven carbon atoms. The findings add to our understanding of both the OADHc function in the L-lysine degradative pathway and of the molecular mechanisms leading to the pathogenesis associated with DHTKD1 variants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8213
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • 2-oxoadipate dehydrogenase
  • 2-oxoadipate dehydrogenase complex
  • 2-oxopimelate substrate
  • E1a promiscuity
  • HO production
  • L-lysine degradation pathway
  • rare E1a variants

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