Frequent POCUS and auscultation for an earlier diagnosis of takotsubo syndrome and unraveling of its pathophysiology: The possible crucial role of LVOTO

John E. Madias

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is ample literature associating LVOTO with hypertension, AMI, LV hypertrophy, sigmoid septum, HCM, and TTS, particularly in midde aged/elderly/postmenopausal women, suggestive of a causal role for LVOTO in the pathophysiology of TTS. Although there is significant evidence that TTS is triggered by a sudden autonomic sympathetic nervous system surge and/or elevated blood-ridden catecholamines, the exact pathophysiologic trajectory leading to the clinical expression of the disease is still being debated. This review expounds on the possibility that LVOTO is a causal early component of this trajectory, and proposes that TTS is a malady within the broad spectrum of the myocardial ischemic injury/stunned myocardium states. The postulated underlying mechanism by which LVOTO causes TTS is a sudden abterload rise, with resultant oxygen/energy supply/demand mismatch, leading to a transient myocardial ischemia/injury myocardial stunning state. This needs to be explored painstakingly, and this review includes some suggestions for such undertaking. Ellucidation of the pathophysiology of TTS, and possible proof about a mechanistic role of LVOTO, may ensure that our current pharmacological and device panoply is adequate for the management of TTS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102482
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

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