Foot Examination for Older Adults

Kirstyn James, Ariela R. Orkaby, Andrea Wershof Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The foot changes with age. Foot disorders in older adults are associated with falls, lower limb ulcers, and pain. Physical examination of the feet as part of the routine assessment of older adults is imperative to detect foot problems. Foot pain and pathologies are common in older adults. Regular foot care is important to prevent these issues. However, some older adults may find it difficult to complete foot care, including cutting toenails. Regular foot examination can detect common foot problems, functional decline, and is recommended for preventing falls. We describe a technique for performing a focused examination of the feet for older adults. This review addresses current podiatric issues in older patient populations and describes a method for foot examination to address the needs of older adults that can be incorporated into patient assessments in any clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Falls
  • Foot examination
  • Frailty
  • Older adults
  • Podiatry


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