Food-cooking processes modulate allergenic properties of Hen's egg white proteins

Xiaoyu Liu, Bai Sui Feng, Xiaoli Kong, Hong Xu, Xiumin Li, Ping Chang Yang, Zhigang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background and Objective: Reducing the allergenicity of food allergens can suppress the clinical symptoms of food allergy. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of processing on the allergenic properties of hen's egg white proteins. Methods: Eggs were processed by traditional Chinese cooking, including steaming, water boiling, frying, spicing and tea boiling. The contents of processed egg protein were assessed by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; the allergenicity was evaluated by Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and enzyme allergosorbent test inhibition. Circular dichroism spectrum analysis of four major egg allergens from various egg products was performed as well. A mouse model of food allergy was developed to test the allergenicity of processed egg protein in vivo. Results: Protein degradation was significant following tea boiling and spiced-tea boiling. The total allergenic potential of water-boiled egg and fried egg was relatively higher than that of steamed egg, spiced egg and tea-boiled egg. Challenge with proteins from raw egg, water-boiled egg and fried egg induced skewed T-helper 2 pattern responses (Th2 responses) in the intestine of mice sensitized to egg proteins; however, when the mice sensitized to egg proteins were challenged with proteins from steamed egg, spiced egg and tea-boiled egg, respectively, only weak Th2 responses were induced in their intestine. Conclusion: Processing by steaming, spicing, or tea boiling can weaken the allergenicity of egg proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Allergen
  • Allergenicity
  • Egg


Dive into the research topics of 'Food-cooking processes modulate allergenic properties of Hen's egg white proteins'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this