Food Allergy Management Practices Utilizing Individual Patient Thresholds: A Work Group Report of the AAAAI Adverse Reactions to Foods Committee

Roxanne C. Oriel, Ami Shah, Aikaterini Anagnostou, Matthew Greenhawt, Fatima Khan, Stephanie Leeds, Mayuran Ravindran, Guillaume Stoffels, Brian P. Vickery, Yamini V. Virkud, Scott H. Sicherer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The paradigm for food allergy management has been strict avoidance of the food allergen. There is literature supporting a “high-threshold” phenotype, those who tolerate a small-to-modest amount of allergen but react to larger amounts. There is no consensus for best practice for these “high-threshold” individuals. We sought to understand management practices of “high-threshold” reactors using a survey that was distributed to a random sample of fellows and members of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. There were 89 respondents from the United States and Canada (11% response rate), with 64 (72%) answering all questions. Participants worked in private (52%) and academic practice (38%) and saw a median of 30 food allergic patients monthly. Eighty-one percent of respondents reported management strategies other than strict avoidance. When threshold was known, strategies ranged from allowing ingestion up to a specified amount (57%), proactively advising ingestion to a certain amount (56%), or oral immunotherapy (47%). Participants were more likely to choose a permissive approach for a mild reaction in a high-threshold milk-allergic patient compared with a peanut-allergic patient (83% vs 71%, p=.01). Important factors that influenced the approach included severity of reaction (52%), comfort with family/patient using emergency medications (42%), and family/patient preferences (41%). These survey results suggest that food allergy management recommendations are no longer binary in nature, with clinicians solely recommending avoidance for those who are allergic and ingestion for those who may not be.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1086.e1
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Allergen
  • Food allergy
  • High threshold
  • Oral food challenge
  • Oral immunotherapy
  • Strict avoidance

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