Flaviviruses comprise several important human pathogens which cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Like any other virus, they are obligate intracellular parasites. Therefore, studying the host cellular factors that promote or restrict their replication and pathogenesis becomes vital. Since inhibiting the host dependency factors or activating the host restriction factors can suppress the viral replication and propagation in the cell, identifying them reveals potential targets for antiviral therapeutics. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) technology has provided an effective means of producing customizable genetic modifications and performing forward genetic screens in a broad spectrum of cell types and organisms. The ease, rapidity, and high reproducibility of CRISPR technology have made it an excellent tool for carrying out genome-wide screens to identify and characterize viral host dependency factors systematically. Here, we review the insights from various Genome-wide CRISPR screens that have advanced our understanding of Flavivirus-Host interactions.
- genome-wide CRISPR screens
- virus-host interactions