First-In-Human, Phase 1, Randomized, Dose-Escalation Trial with Recombinant Anti-IL-20 Monoclonal Antibody in Patients with Psoriasis

Alice B. Gottlieb, James G. Krueger, Mia Sandberg Lundblad, Marie Gothberg, Brett E. Skolnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The current trial was a first-in-human clinical trial evaluating the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary efficacy of the recombinant monoclonal anti?interleukin-20 (IL-20) antibody, NNC0109-0012, which targets the inflammatory cytokine IL-20. Methods In total, 48 patients aged 18 to 75 years withmoderate to severe stable chronic plaque psoriasis with affected body surface area 15%and physician global assessment score 3were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled, phase 1 doseescalation trial. Patients were randomized within each single dose cohort (0.01, 0.05, 0.2, 0.6, 1.5, or 3.0 mg/kg) or multiple dose cohort (0.05, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/kg; 1 dose every other week for 7 weeks) of NNC0109-0012 or placebo in a 3:1 ratio. In the expansion phase, 7 patients were randomized to weekly doses of 2.0 mg/kg NNC0109-0012 or placebo for 7 weeks. The primary objective, safety and tolerability, was assessed by evaluating adverse events (AEs). Additional endpoints included pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical response (assessed using the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI] score). Results AEs were reported in 85% of patients (n = 40) in the initial study phases (NNC0109-0012, 83%; placebo, 92%) and in 4 of 7 patients in the multiple-dose expansion phase. One serious AE was reported but was judged not to be causally related to NNC0109-0012. No dose-limiting toxicities were reported. NNC0109-0012 pharmacokinetics was similar to other monoclonal antibodies, with an average half-life of approximately 3 weeks. There was a dose-proportional increase in area under the curve and maximum concentration after single dosing. No substantial changes in pharmacodynamic parameters were observed. The expansion phase was terminated early due to apparent lack of PASI improvement. Conclusion Single and multiple doses of NNC0109-0012, ranging from 0.05 to 3.0 mg/kg, were well tolerated in patients with psoriasis and exhibited pharmacokinetics similar to that of other monoclonal antibodies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0134703
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'First-In-Human, Phase 1, Randomized, Dose-Escalation Trial with Recombinant Anti-IL-20 Monoclonal Antibody in Patients with Psoriasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this