Fireworks-related injuries to children

Marilyn J. Bull, Phyllis Agran, H. Garry Gardner, Danielle Laraque, Susan H. Pollack, Gary A. Smith, Howard R. Spivak, Milton Tenenbein, Ruth A. Brenner, Stephanie Bryn, Cheryl Neverman, Richard A. Schieber, Richard Stanwick, Deborah Tinsworth, Victor Garcia, Robert R. Tanz, Heather Newland

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

58 Scopus citations


An estimated 8500 individuals, approximately 45% of them children younger than 15 years, were treated in US hospital emergency departments during 1999 for fireworks-related injuries. The hands (40%), eyes (20%), and head and face (20%) are the body areas most often involved. Approximately one third of eye injuries from fireworks result in permanent blindness. During 1999, 16 people died as a result of injuries associated with fireworks. Every type of legally available consumer (so-called "safe and sane") firework has been associated with serious injury or death. In 1997, 20 100 fires were caused by fireworks, resulting in $22.7 million in direct property damage. Fireworks typically cause more fires in the United States on the Fourth of July than all other causes of fire combined on that day. Pediatricians should educate parents, children, community leaders, and others about the dangers of fireworks. Fireworks for individual private use should be banned. Children and their families should be encouraged to enjoy fireworks at public fireworks displays conducted by professionals rather than purchase fireworks for home or private use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-191
Number of pages2
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001


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