Fetal CNS scanning-less of a headache than you think

Ana Monteagudo, Ilan E. Timor-Tritsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Anatomy, pathology, and developmental changes of the fetal central nervous system (brain and spine) can be studied by prenatal sonography, using a transabdominal, or, and preferably, later in pregnancy in a cephalic presenting fetus, a transvaginal approach, with the possibility of obtaining coronal and sagittal views through the acoustic window provided by the fontanels and sutures of the skull. In a 3-dimensional sonography, both approaches may generate images in all 3 classic scanning planes (longitudinal, sagittal, and coronal). Guidelines exist concerning standard fetal anatomical survey, which includes fetal brain and spine as well as specific central nervous system examination, both basic and advanced. Normal anatomy of the fetal brain and spine in their various planes will be described with only few details on congenital anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-265
Number of pages17
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D/4D
  • fetal brain
  • fetal spine


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