Ferroptosis as a Therapeutic Target in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Mohammad Amin Dabbagh Ohadi, Seyed Farzad Maroufi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza Hosseini Siyanaki, Mir Hojjat Khorasanizadeh, Christopher P. Kellner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a cerebrovascular disorder with significant mortality and morbidity. Neural injury in SAH is mediated through a variety of pathophysiological processes. Currently available treatments are either nonspecific in targeting the basic pathophysiological mechanisms that result in neural damage in SAH, or merely focus on vasospasm. Ferroptosis is a type of programmed iron dependent cell death, which has received attention due to its possible role in neural injury in SAH. Herein, we review how intracellular iron overload mediates the production of reactive free radicals and lipid peroxidation through a variety of biochemical pathways in SAH. This in turn results in induction of ferroptosis, as well as exacerbation of vasospasm. We also discuss several therapeutic agents that have been shown to inhibit ferroptosis through targeting different steps of the process. Such agents have proven effective in ameliorating vasospasm, neural damage, and neurobehavioral outcomes in animal models of SAH. Human studies to test the safety and efficacy of intrathecal or parenteral administration of the inhibitors of ferroptosis in improving outcomes of SAH patients are warranted. There are currently a few ongoing clinical trials pursuing this therapeutic concept, the results of which will be critical to determine the value of ferroptosis as a novel therapeutic target in SAH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Ferroptosis
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Vasospasm

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ferroptosis as a Therapeutic Target in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this