Purpose: To assess the diagnostic performance of FDG-PET/MRI for the preoperative diagnosis and staging of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) using surgical Sugarbaker’s PC index (PCI) as the reference in a multireader pilot study. Methods: Fourteen adult patients (M/F: 3/11, mean age: 57 ± 12 year) with PC were prospectively included in this single-center study. Patients underwent FDG-PET/MRI prior to surgery (mean delay: 14 d, range: 1–63 d). Images were reviewed independently by 2 abdominal radiologists and 2 nuclear medicine physicians. The radiologists assessed contrast-enhanced abdominal MR images, while the nuclear medicine physicians assessed PET images fused with T2-weighted images. The abdomen was divided in 13 regions, scored from 0 to 3. A hybrid FDG-PET/MRI radiological PCI was created by combining the study data. Radiological PCI was compared to the surgical PCI on a per-patient and per-region basis. Inter-reader agreement was evaluated. Results: Mean surgical PCI was 10 ± 8 (range: 0–24). Inter-reader agreement was almost perfect for all sets for radiologic PCI (Kappa: 0.81–0.98). PCI scores for all reading sets significantly correlated with the surgical PCI score (r range: 0.57–0.74, p range: < 0.001–0.003). Pooled per-patient sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 75%/50%/71.4% for MRI, 66.7%/50%/64.3% for FDG-PET, and 91.7%/50%/85.7% for FDG-PET/MRI, without significant difference (p value range 0.13–1). FDG-PET/MRI achieved 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity for a cutoff PCI of 20. Per-region sensitivity and accuracy were lower: 37%/61.8% for MRI, 17.8%/64.3% for FDG-PET, and 52.7%/60.4% for FDG-PET/MRI, with significantly higher sensitivity for FDG-PET/MRI. Per-region specificity was higher for FDG-PET (95%) compared to MRI (78.4%) and FDG-PET/MRI (66.5%). Conclusion: FDG-PET/MRI achieved an excellent diagnostic accuracy per-patient and weaker performance per-region for detection of PC. The added value of PET/MRI compared to MRI and FDG-PET remains to be determined.
|State||Accepted/In press - 2022|
- Peritoneal carcinomatosis