Fasting Serum IGFBP-1 as a Marker of Insulin Resistance in Diverse School Age Groups

Amrit Bhangoo, Rishi Gupta, Steve P. Shelov, Dennis E. Carey, Siham Accacha, Ilene Fennoy, Lisa Altshuler, Barbara Lowell, Robert Rapaport, Warren Rosenfeld, Phyllis W. Speiser, Svetlana Ten, Michael Rosenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The known markers of insulin resistance in obese children are well studied. However, they require serial measurements and complicated calculations. The objective is to study IGFBP-1 and its relation with other known risk measures. Materials and Methods: The study included 98 New York City school students of diverse ethnic/racial backgrounds (57 males and 41 females), 11–15 years of age. Subjects were enrolled in a cross-sectional study, and anthropometric measures were collected. They underwent fasting intravenous glucose tolerance tests (IVGTT), and glucose, insulin, lipids, IGFBP-1, adiponectin and inflammatory markers were collected. Results: The subjects were stratified into 3 groups based upon the BMI Z-score. Out of all the subjects, 65.3% were in the group with a BMI Z-score <1 SDS, 16.3% subjects were in the group with a BMI Z-score of 1 to 2 SDS, and 18.4% of the subjects were in the group with a BMI Z-score of more than 2 SDS. The group with a BMI Z-score of more than 2 SDS had increased waist circumference (WC), body fat, increased fasting insulin, and triglycerides (TG). This group had decreased levels of adiponectin and HDL and low IGFBP-1 as compared to the group with BMI <1 SDS. The group with a BMI Z-score of 1 to 2 SDS had a decreased level of IGFBP-1 as compared to the group with a BMI Z-score less than 1 SDS. IGFBP-1 inversely correlated with age, WC, BMI, body fat, TG, and insulin levels. IGFBP-1 positively correlated with adiponectin and HDL levels. Conclusion: IGFBP-1 in children can identify the presence of insulin resistance in the group with BMI 1 to 2 SDS, even before the known markers of insulin resistance such as elevated triglycerides and even before decreased HDL and adiponectin levels are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number840361
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BMI – body mass index
  • IGFBP-1
  • adiposity
  • insulin resistance
  • waist circumference

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