Faricimab Treat-and-Extend for Diabetic Macular Edema: Two-Year Results from the Randomized Phase 3 YOSEMITE and RHINE Trials

YOSEMITE and RHINE Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the 2-year efficacy, durability, and safety of dual angiopoietin-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A pathway inhibition with intravitreal faricimab according to a personalized treat-and-extend (T&E)-based regimen with up to every-16-week dosing in the YOSEMITE and RHINE (ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers, NCT03622580 and NCT03622593, respectively) phase 3 trials of diabetic macular edema (DME). Design: Randomized, double-masked, noninferiority phase 3 trials. Participants: Adults with visual acuity loss (best-corrected visual acuity [BCVA] of 25–73 letters) due to center-involving DME. Methods: Patients were randomized 1:1:1 to faricimab 6.0 mg every 8 weeks, faricimab 6.0 mg T&E (previously referred to as personalized treatment interval), or aflibercept 2.0 mg every 8 weeks. The T&E up to every-16-week dosing regimen was based on central subfield thickness (CST) and BCVA change. Main Outcome Measures: Included changes from baseline in BCVA and CST, number of injections, durability, absence of fluid, and safety through week 100. Results: In YOSEMITE and RHINE (n = 940 and 951, respectively), noninferior year 1 visual acuity gains were maintained through year 2; mean BCVA change from baseline at 2 years (weeks 92, 96, and 100 average) with faricimab every 8 weeks (YOSEMITE and RHINE, +10.7 letters and +10.9 letters, respectively) or T&E (+10.7 letters and +10.1 letters, respectively) were comparable with aflibercept every 8 weeks (+11.4 letters and +9.4 letters, respectively). The median number of study drug injections was lower with faricimab T&E (YOSEMITE and RHINE, 10 and 11 injections, respectively) versus faricimab every 8 weeks (15 injections) and aflibercept every 8 weeks (14 injections) across both trials during the entire study. In the faricimab T&E arms, durability was improved further during year 2, with > 60% of patients receiving every-16-week dosing and approximately 80% receiving every-12-week or longer dosing at week 96. Almost 80% of patients who achieved every-16-week dosing at week 52 maintained every-16-week dosing without an interval reduction through week 96. Mean CST reductions were greater (YOSEMITE/RHINE weeks 92/96/100 average: faricimab every 8 weeks –216.0/–202.6 µm, faricimab T&E –204.5/–197.1 µm, aflibercept every 8 weeks –196.3/–185.6 µm), and more patients achieved absence of DME (CST < 325 μm; YOSEMITE/RHINE weeks 92–100: faricimab every 8 weeks 87%–92%/88%–93%, faricimab T&E 78%–86%/85%–88%, aflibercept every 8 weeks 77%–81%/80%–84%) and absence of intraretinal fluid (YOSEMITE/RHINE weeks 92–100: faricimab every 8 weeks 59%–63%/56%–62%, faricimab T&E 43%–48%/45%–52%, aflibercept every 8 weeks 33%–38%/39%–45%) with faricimab every 8 weeks or T&E versus aflibercept every 8 weeks through year 2. Overall, faricimab was well tolerated, with a safety profile comparable with that of aflibercept. Conclusions: Clinically meaningful visual acuity gains from baseline, anatomic improvements, and extended durability with intravitreal faricimab up to every 16 weeks were maintained through year 2. Faricimab given as a personalized T&E-based dosing regimen supports the role of dual angiopoietin-2 and VEGF-A inhibition to promote vascular stability and to provide durable efficacy for patients with DME. Financial Disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-723
Number of pages16
JournalOphthalmology
Volume131
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiopoietin-2
  • Diabetic macular edema
  • Faricimab
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor A
  • Vascular stability

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