Family history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and risk of recurrent hospitalization for VTE: A nationwide family study in Sweden

B. Zöller, H. Ohlsson, J. Sundquist, K. Sundquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: Background: Data concerning the importance of a family history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) for the risk of recurrent VTE are sparse. The aim of this nationwide study was to determine whether a family history of VTE is a risk factor for recurrent hospitalization for unprovoked VTE (deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities or pulmonary embolism). Methods: We linked Multigeneration Register data on individuals aged 0-77 years to the Swedish nationwide Hospital Discharge Register data for the period 1987-2009 to compare the risk of hospitalization for unprovoked recurrent VTE among individuals with and without a parental or sibling history of VTE. We calculated hazard ratios (HRs) to determine the familial HR for recurrent hospitalization for VTE. Results and Conclusions: The risk of recurrent VTE hospitalization was 1.20 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10-1.32) for individuals with affected parents, and 1.30 (95% CI 1.14-1.49) for those with affected siblings. The risk of recurrent VTE hospitalization in individuals with two affected parents was 1.92 (95% CI 1.44-2.58). There was an interaction between age at diagnosis of VTE and a family history of VTE, with a family history having a stronger effect on VTE risk in younger patients. We conclude that a family history of VTE is a modest risk factor for recurrent VTE hospitalization in Sweden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-312
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Heredity
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Risk factors
  • Venous thromboembolism
  • Venous thrombosis

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