Familial inheritance of the 3q29 microdeletion syndrome: Case report and review

Wahab A. Khan, Ninette Cohen, Stuart A. Scott, Elaine M. Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The chromosome 3q29 microdeletion syndrome is characterized by a clinical phenotype that includes behavioral features consistent with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, mild to moderate developmental delay, language-based learning disabilities, and/or dysmorphic features. In addition, recent data suggest that adults with chromosome 3q29 microdeletions have a significantly increased risk for psychosis and neuropsychiatric phenotypes. Case presentation: We report a 3-year-old male with global developmental delay, anemia, and mild dysmorphic facial features. Clinical chromosomal microarray (CMA) testing of the proband detected a heterozygous 1.21 Mb deletion at chromosome 3q29, consistent with a diagnosis of the 3q29 microdeletion syndrome. Interestingly, subsequent parental testing determined that the pathogenic deletion was inherited from his otherwise healthy mother who had a history of learning disabilities. The chromosome 3q29 microdeletion was not detected in the healthy older sibling of the proband by CMA testing, nor was it prenatally detected in a subsequent maternal pregnancy. Conclusion: Our report highlights the 3q29 microdeletion syndrome as an illustrative example of the importance of a molecular diagnosis for families that harbor pathogenic copy number aberrations with variable expressivity, in particular those that also impart an increased risk for adult onset neuropsychiatric phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51
JournalBMC Medical Genomics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • 3q29 microdeletion
  • Copy number variation
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Neuropsychiatric phenotypes familial inheritance

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