The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of developmental care education and training and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) developmental team structure in promoting neonatal nursing perception and beliefs of key characteristics of family-centered care (FCC), developmental care, and kangaroo mother care (KMC). A 24-item Likert scale survey of specific perceptions and beliefs of aspects of FCC, KMC, and developmental care characteristics was conducted with 59 neonatal nurses from three distinct level III NICUs in New York City where nurses had undergone recent reeducation and developmental team configuration. There was no difference in nursing beliefs of technical developmental care approaches to infant care at all three sites. Neonatal nurses who were supported by an on-site infant developmental specialist were more likely to have strong beliefs related to the affective areas of FCC and the technique of KMC. FCC and clinical care approaches that include a high level of parental participation such as KMC in the NICU are likely to be facilitated by a comprehensive approach of continuing training as well as a team structure that includes dedicated, specially trained infant developmental specialist personnel.
- Developmental care
- Family-centered care
- Infant developmental specialist
- Kangaroo mother care
- Neonatal intensive care unit