Factors contributing to delays in initiation of front-line cervical cancer therapy: disparities in a diverse south Florida population

Molly Roy, Lindsey Finch, Deukwoo Kwon, Scott E. Jordan, Sina Yadegarynia, Aaron Howard Wolfson, Brian Slomovitz, Lorraine Portelance, Marilyn Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Delay in initiating cervical cancer treatment may impact outcomes. In a cohort of patients initially treated by surgery, chemoradiation, chemotherapy, or in a clinical trial, we aim to define factors contributing to prolonged time to treatment initiation. Methods Data from patients initiating treatment for cervical cancer at a single institution was abstracted. Time to treatment initiation was defined as the interval from the date of cancer diagnosis to the date of treatment initiation. Poisson regression model was used for analysis. Results Of 274 patients studied, the median time to treatment initiation was 60 days (range 0-551). The median times to initiate surgery (54 days, range 3-96) and chemoradiation (58 days, range 4-187) were not significantly different (relative risk (RR) 1.01, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.04, p=0.54). The shortest median initiation time was for chemotherapy (47 days; RR 1.13, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.19, p<0.0001) and the longest was for clinical trial (62 days; RR 1.18, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.24, p<0.0001). Charity care (RR 1.09, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.14, p<0.0001), Medicare or Medicaid (RR 1.10, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.14, p<0.0001), and self-pay (RR 1.38, 95% CI 1.32 to 1.45, p<0.0001) delayed treatment initiation more than private insurance. Hispanic White women (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.73, p<0.0001) had a shorter treatment initiation time compared with non-Hispanic White patients, while Afro-Caribbean/Afro-Latina women (RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.90, p<0.0001) and African-American patients (RR 1.13, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.19, p<0.0001) had longer initiation times. Spanish speaking patients did not have a prolonged treatment initiation (RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.71, p<0.0001), though Haitian-Creole speaking patients did (RR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.13, p<0.002). Diagnosis at an outside institution delayed treatment initiation time (RR 1.24, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.30, p<0.0001) compared with diagnosis at the cancer center. Conclusion Factors associated with prolonged time to treatment initiation include treatment modality, insurance status, language spoken, and institution of diagnosis. By closely examining each of these factors, barriers to treatment can be identified and modified to shorten treatment initiation time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1387-1394
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical Cancer
  • Radiation
  • Surgery

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