Factors associated with vitrification-warming survival in 6167 euploid blastocysts

Margeaux Oliva, Christine Briton-Jones, Dmitry Gounko, Joseph A. Lee, Alan B. Copperman, Lucky Sekhon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: To understand the clinical factors associated with embryo survival after vitrification in a cohort of human blastocysts screened by preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A). Methods: Patient demographic, embryo, and cycle characteristics associated with failed euploid blastocyst survival were compared in a cohort of women (n = 6167) who underwent IVF-PGT-A. Results: Compared to those that survived warming, vitrified euploid embryos that failed to survive after warming came from IVF cycles with significantly higher estradiol levels at time of surge (2754.8 ± 1390.2 vs. 2523.1 ± 1190.6 pg/mL, p = 0.03), number of oocytes retrieved (19.6 ± 10.7 vs. 17.5 ± 9.8, p = 0.005), and basal antral follicle count (BAFC) (15.3 ± 8.5 vs. 13.9 ± 7.2, p = 0.05). Euploid embryos were less likely to survive warming if they came from cycles before 2015 (24.6% vs. 13.2%, p < 0.001), were cryopreserved on day 7 versus day 5 or 6 (9.1% vs. 3.0%, p < 0.001), underwent two trophectoderm biopsies (6.9% vs. 2.3%, p < 0.001), had a grade C inner cell mass (15.4% vs. 7.7%, p < 0.001), or were fully hatched (41.1% vs. 12.2%, p < 0.001). In the multivariate model, which controlled for relevant confounders, the association between decreased survival and increased BAFC, year of IVF cycle, double trophectoderm biopsy, and fully hatched blastocysts remained statistically significant. Conclusion: Euploid embryos that are fully hatched at time of vitrification, come from patients with high ovarian reserve, or require repeat trophectoderm biopsy are less likely to survive vitrification-warming. Our results provide a framework for reproductive counseling and offer realistic expectations to patients about the number of embryos needed to achieve family building goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2671-2678
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • In vitro fertilization
  • Post-warming survival
  • Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy
  • Vitrification


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