Factors associated with colorectal cancer screening among a low-income, multiethnic, highly insured population: Does provider's understanding of the patient's social context matter?

Maria De Jesus, Elaine Puleo, Rachel C. Shelton, Lorna H. McNeill, Karen M. Emmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The primary aim of this paper was to explore whether provider's understanding of patient's social context is associated with screening uptake, independent of provider's recommendation. Baseline data were collected in 2004-2005 from a cluster randomized control trial in 12 low-income housing sites. Participants included 695 low- income, multiethnic adults aged 50 years and over who were primarily insured (97%). Provider s recommendation was significantly associated with current adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. Provider's understanding of patient's social context, as operationalized by how well participants felt that their provider knew (a) their responsibilities at work, home, or school; (b) their worries about health; and (c) them as a person and their values and beliefs, was also significantly associated with current adherence to screening, independent of provider s recommendation. Participants who reported that their provider knew them well on two or three items were significantly more likely to be current with CRC screening compared to those who reported their provider knew them well on only one or none of the items (odds ratio = 1.56; 95% confidence interval=1.06, 2.29). Our findings indicate that provider's understanding of patient's social context, independent of provider's recommendation for CRC screening, contributed to adherence to CRC screening in this low-income, multiethnic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-243
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Provider's recommendation for CRC screening
  • Social context
  • Urban low-income population

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