Importance: A 31-gene expression profile (31-GEP) test to predict metastatic risk in patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma has previously been validated and is available for clinical use. The impact of the availability of such a test on clinical decision-making has previously been studied. However, little is known about which factors play a role in clinicians' decision to utilize the test. Objective: To determine factors affecting clinicians' decisions to utilize the 31-GEP test for metastatic risk stratification in patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Dermatologists attending a national conference completed a series of questions based around four clinical vignettes using an audience response system. The vignettes and associated questions were designed to determine the impact of three factors-Breslow thickness, ulceration, and sentinel lymph node biopsy status-on the decision to order the 31-GEP test. Main Outcomes and Measures: The percentage of respondents who would order the 31-GEP test in the various clinical scenarios was quantified. Differences between groups were assessed using the chi-squared test. Results: A total of 181/187 individuals completed the survey (96.8% response rate). For tumors with a Breslow thickness ≥0.5 mm, a majority of respondents reported that they would recommend the 31-GEP test. Ulceration was associated with a statistically significant increase in the percentage of clinicians who would recommend the assay for all but the thickest (2.1 mm) tumors. A negative SLN was only associated with a statistically significant increase in the percentage of clinicians who would recommend the test for the thinnest (0.26 mm) tumors (22% to 34%, P=0.033). Conclusions and Relevance: Ulceration appears to be the most important factor impacting clinicians when deciding to order the 31-GEP test to assess risk for melanoma metastasis.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Drugs in Dermatology|
|State||Published - May 2018|