Factor XIII Va134Leu variant and the risk of myocardial infarction. A meta-analysis

Mona Shafey, Josdalyne L. Anderson, Dimitri Scarvelis, Steven P. Doucette, France Gagnon, Philip S. Wells

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic factors are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A common variant of factor XIII (FXIII), FXIII Va134Leu, may be protective against developing an AMI, but various studies show conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether the FXIII Va134Leu variant is associated with a decreased risk of AMI. One hundred ninety-five articles were reviewed and 12 case-control studies were selected. We included studies involving patients with objectively diagnosed AMIs (WHO criteria), provided that FXIII Va134Leu genotyping data were available. Inclusion decisions, quality assessment, and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers. Hypothesizing that the Leu allele was protective, we performed three analyses with the Val/Val genotype as the reference group. Pooled odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were determined. Prior to pooling, heterogeneity testing was performed using the I2 statistic. These studies included a total of 8,743 patients, of which 3,663 were AMI patients and 5,080 were healthy controls. Using the random effects methods, protective effects were seen with the Leu/Val genotype alone (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.68-0.93) and with Leu /Val and Leu/Leu genotypes combined (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.93).There was also a protective effect with the Leu/Leu genotype alone, (not statistically significant: OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.61-1.12), likely due to the low frequency of this genotype. These results suggest that there is an association between the factor XIII Leu allele and a modest protective effect against AMI and may provide useful information in profiling susceptibility to myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-641
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume97
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Factor XIII
  • Genetic
  • Meta-analysis
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Rick factor

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