Elevated plasma factor VII (FVII) levels are reported to be associated with cardiovascular disease in both Caucasians and Japanese. Recent reports indicate that individuals with the FVII 353Q allele have decreased plasma FVII levels. Thus, we investigated the association between lacunar stroke and the FVII R353Q polymorphism in 137 hypertensive patients with silent or overt lacunar stroke (stroke group), 83 non-stroke hypertensives without any lacunae detected by magnetic resonance imaging (non-stroke group), and 97 normotensive control subjects matched for age, sex, and smoking status recruited at an annual health examination (normotensive control group). The frequency of the FVII 353Q allele was 0.057 in the normotensive control group, 0.051 in the non-stroke group and 0.061 in the stroke group. These frequencies, as well as genotype distribution, were not significantly different from each other, even when we subclassified the ischemic group into silent (n = 54) and clinically overt (n = 64) lacunar stroke subgroups. These results suggest that the FVII 353Q allele is not an important genetic determinant for cerebrovascular disease in Japanese individuals.
- Factor VII R353Q polymorphism
- Lacunar stroke