Facial plastic surgery

Adam I. Levine, Samuel De Maria, Eunice Park, William Lawson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Americans spend nearly 11 billion dollars annually on cosmetic procedures. Of that total, almost $6.6 billion is spent on surgical procedures [1]. Beauty is often characterized by a combination of factors that involve symmetry and aesthetically pleasing proportions and relationships. An understanding of the proportions, angles, measurements, and relationships that are considered the standards for the attractive face give the surgeon an appreciation for what is askew when a face characteristic is outside the considered normal range and the patient is dissatisfied with his or her appearance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnesthesiology and Otolaryngology
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781461441847
ISBN (Print)1461441838, 9781461441830
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2013


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