EZH2 is essential for glioblastoma cancer stem cell maintenance

Mario Luca Suvà, Nicolò Riggi, Michalina Janiszewska, Ivan Radovanovic, Paolo Provero, Jean Christophe Stehle, Karine Baumer, Marie Aude Le Bitoux, Denis Marino, Luisa Cironi, Victor E. Marquez, Virginie Clément, Ivan Stamenkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

397 Scopus citations

Abstract

Overexpression of the polycomb group protein enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2) occurs in diverse malignancies, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Based on its ability to modulate transcription of key genes implicated in cell cycle control, DNA repair, and cell differentiation, EZH2 is believed to play a crucial role in tissue-specific stem cell maintenance and tumor development. Here, we show that targeted pharmacologic disruption of EZH2 by the S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase inhibitor 3-deazaneplanocin A (DZNep), or its specific downregulation by short hairpin RNA (shRNA), strongly impairs GBM cancer stem cell (CSC) self-renewal in vitro and tumor-initiating capacity in vivo. Using genome-wide expression analysis of DZNep-treated GBM CSCs, we found the expression of c-myc, recently reported to be essential for GBM CSCs, to be strongly repressed upon EZH2 depletion. Specific shRNA-mediated downregulation of EZH2 in combination with chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments revealed that c-myc is a direct target of EZH2 in GBM CSCs. Taken together, our observations provide evidence that direct transcriptional regulation of c-myc by EZH2 may constitute a novel mechanism underlying GBM CSC maintenance and suggest that EZH2 may be a valuable new therapeutic target for GBM management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9211-9218
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume69
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

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