Extraocular muscle repositioning and diplopia: Associated with ophthalmic plaque radiation therapy for choroidal melanoma

Sonali T. Nagendran, Paul T. Finger, Brian N. Campolattaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective To evaluate extraocular muscle surgery associated with plaque brachytherapy for choroidal melanoma.

Design Single-center retrospective cohort study.

ParticipantsThree hundred twenty-nine eyes of 329 consecutive patients with clinically diagnosed choroidal melanoma. Intervention Palladium 103 plaque brachytherapy with or without extraocular muscle surgery.

Main Outcome Measures Type of muscle surgery required for each tumor location, timing, incidence, and duration of diplopia, as well as treatment.

Results Two hundred fifty-four patients (n = 254/329; 77.2%) required muscle surgery. One hundred seven patients (n = 107/329; 32.5%) required surgery on 2 or more muscles. Of 373 muscles repositioned, the lateral rectus muscle (n = 115/373; 30.8%) and inferior oblique muscle (n = 70/373; 18.7%) were the most common, correlating to intraocular tumor location (P<0.001). Only 6 tumors (n = 6/61; 9.5%) originating from the iris and ciliary body required muscle surgery for plaque placement. Of the 312 patients with a preoperative visual acuity better than 20/400, diplopia was reported at the first postoperative visit by 41 patients (n = 41/312; 13.1%), 2 of whom had not undergone muscle surgery. Diplopia resolved spontaneously within 1 month in 18 patients (n = 18/41; 43.9%), between 1 and 6 months in 12 patients (n = 12/41; 29.3%), and at more than 6 months in 5 patients (n = 5/41; 12.2%). Among the 312 patients, persistent diplopia occurred in 6 patients (1.9%), including 1 who had not undergone muscle surgery. Treatment was declined in 1 patient, 3 patients (n = 3/41; 7.3%) were treated with prisms, and 2 patients (n = 2/41; 4.9%) required surgery.

Conclusions Extraocular muscle surgery frequently is required for plaque brachytherapy. Although transient diplopia occurred in 11.2% of patients, persistent diplopia occurred in only 1.9% of patients and was treatable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2268-2274
Number of pages7
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Extraocular muscle repositioning and diplopia: Associated with ophthalmic plaque radiation therapy for choroidal melanoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this