Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Continuous Kidney Replacement Therapy: Technology and Outcomes – A Narrative Review

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Abstract

The number of patients using critical care is increasing as our populations live longer thanks to advances in medical therapies. This is reflected by an increase in both usage and number of critical care beds as compared with total hospital beds across the United States. As this aging population suffers more and more from multiorgan dysfunction, including but not limited to respiratory failure, cardiac failure, and acute kidney injury, technologies are used to facilitate recovery in those that would have assuredly passed away years ago. Some of these advancements include extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and continuous kidney replacement therapy. In this article, we review the literature regarding the history, technology, indications, and outcomes of synchronous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and kidney replacement therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury (AKI)
  • Continuous kidney replacement therapy (CKRT/CRRT)
  • Critical care nephrology
  • Extracorporeal life support (ECLS)
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

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