Extended observation of reduced methamphetamine use with combined naltrexone plus bupropion in the ADAPT-2 trial

Michael J. Li, Brendon Chau, Thomas Belin, Thomas Carmody, Manish K. Jha, Elise N. Marino, Madhukar Trivedi, Steven J. Shoptaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: A 12-week placebo-controlled, sequential parallel Accelerated Development of Additive Pharmacotherapy Treatment for Methamphetamine Use Disorder (ADAPT-2) trial evaluated the effects of extended-release injectable naltrexone plus extended-release oral bupropion (NTX + BUPN) on methamphetamine (MA) use over two stages. This study reports on the previously unpublished stage 2 MA use in participants randomized at stage 1 to receive NTX + BUPN through both stages compared with those assigned to placebo. Design: This is a secondary analysis of the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) ADAPT-2 network trial. Setting: The parent ADAPT-2 trial was carried out across multiple NIDA Clinical Trials Network (CTN) sites in the United States. Participants: This analysis includes 403 people with MA use disorder who participated in the ADAPT-2 CTN trial. Intervention and comparator: NTX + BUPN was compared with placebo over the course of the trial. Measurement: MA use was measured by urine drug screens conducted twice weekly for 12 weeks, then once in week 13 and once in week 16 post-treatment follow-up. Findings: Participants on NTX + BUPN in stage 1 showed an additional 9.2% increase [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.09%–17.9%, P = 0.038] during stage 2 in their probability of testing negative for MA, with a total increase of 27.1% (95% CI, 13.2%–41.1%, P < 0.001) over the full 12 weeks of treatment. In contrast, participants on placebo in both stages increased in probability of testing MA-negative by a total of 11.4% (95% CI, 4.1%–18.6%, P = 0.002) over all 12 weeks. The 12-week increase among participants on NTX + BUPN was significantly greater—by 15.8% (95% CI, 4.5%–27.0%, P = 0.006)—than the increase among those on placebo. Conclusion: For people with methamphetamine (MA) use disorder receiving treatment with extended-release injectable naltrexone plus extended-release oral bupropion (NTX + BUPN), continued treatment with NTX + BUPN after 6 weeks is associated with additional reductions in MA use up to 12 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAddiction
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • abstinence, bupropion, clinical trial, methamphetamine, naltrexone, reduction

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