Expression of the integrin α8β1 during pulmonary and hepatic fibrosis

David Levine, Don C. Rockey, Teresa A. Milner, Johannes M. Breuss, John T. Fallon, Lynn M. Schnapp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fibrotic response after diverse forms of injury is characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, proliferation of myofibroblast-like cells, and organ contraction. Myofibroblasts are key effector cells in the development of the fibrotic response. They contribute to fibrosis through both increased cell number (proliferation) and enhanced matrix synthesis. Integrins, a class of cell adhesion molecules, are mediators of cell-extracellular matrix protein interactions that are important in the proliferative and migratory response of cells to matrix proteins. We have previously cloned the human integrin subunit α8, documented its high expression in lung tissue, and established it as a receptor for the matrix proteins fibronectin, vitronectin, and tenascin. We now demonstrate that alveolar interstitial cells are the primary cell type expressing α8β1 in the lung parenchyma. Expression of α8β1 is concentrated primarily along the thinned extensions of cells and at the tips of filopodia. Because of its unique distribution in alveolar interstitial cells, we hypothesized that it may play a role in the fibrotic response after injury. In bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, there is increased expression of α8β1 by interstitial fibroblasts, the majority of which coexpress α smooth muscle actin, a marker of tissue myofibroblasts. To establish a more general role for α8β1 during organ fibrosis, we further examined its expression in two rat models of liver fibrosis. During hepatic injury due to either carbon tetrachloride injury or bile duct ligation, we demonstrate de novo expression of α8β1 in activated hepatic stellate cells, the myofibroblast equivalent in liver. Taken together, the data localize α8β1 to myofibroblast-like cells during wound healing and suggest that signal transduction through the α8β1 integrin may contribute to the fibrotic response of organs to injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1927-1935
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume156
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Expression of the integrin α8β1 during pulmonary and hepatic fibrosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this