Expression and function of a CD 5 cDNA in human and murine T cells

Yasuharu Nishimura, Barbara E. Bierer, William K. Jones, Nancy H. Jones, Jack L. Strominger, Steven J. Burakoff

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22 Scopus citations


In order to define the function of the CD 5 (T1, Leu 1, Tp 67 in the human; Ly‐1 in the mouse) molecule, a cDNA clone of human CD 5 was expressed in a CD 5‐deficient Jurkat cell line and in a murine T cell hybridoma. A Jurkat subclone (Jurkat 9.9) produced interleukin 2 (IL 2) in response to anti‐CD 3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) cross‐linked to solid support. IL 2 production was enhanced by co‐culture with the anti‐CD 5 mAb OKT1. A CD 5‐deficient mutant clone Jurkat 1.15 was generated by treatment with ethyl methanesulfonate followed by selection with anti‐CD 5 mAb plus complement. Jurkat 1.15 did not demonstrate enhancement of IL 2 production by OKT1 in the presence of cross‐linked anti‐CD 3 mAb. A cDNA encoding human CD 5 was introduced into a defective retrovirus which was used to infect Jurkat 1.15. A Jurkat clone stably expressing CD 5 was established. In response to OKT1, a rise in intracellular calcium was observed in both the parent Jurkat 9.9 and the CD5 infectant but not in the CD5‐ mutant or a G418‐ resistant control. Furthermore, expression of CD 5 restored the augmentation of IL 2 production by OKT1 in response to cross‐linked anti‐CD 3 mAb. A murine T cell hybridoma By 155.16 which produces IL 2 in response to HLA‐DR antigens was also infected with the CD 5‐recombinant retrovirus and three stable CD5 infectants were generated. These hybridomas showed enhancement of IL 2 production by stimulation with OKT l in the presence of suboptimal concentrations of soluble anti‐murine CD 3 mAb. These results provide further evidence that CD 5 provides a co‐stimulatory signal for T cell activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-753
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1988
Externally publishedYes


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