Background: The aim of this study is to explore the utility of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging of radiomic features to distinguish active and inactive cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). Methods: Subjects were classified into active cardiac sarcoidosis (CSactive) and inactive cardiac sarcoidosis (CSinactive) based on PET-CMR imaging. CSactive was classified as featuring patchy [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) uptake on PET and presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on CMR, while CSinactive was classified as featuring no [18F]FDG uptake in the presence of LGE on CMR. Among those screened, thirty CSactive and thirty-one CSinactive patients met these criteria. A total of 94 radiomic features were subsequently extracted using PyRadiomics. The values of individual features were compared between CSactive and CSinactive using the Mann–Whitney U test. Subsequently, machine learning (ML) approaches were tested. ML was applied to two sub-sets of radiomic features (signatures A and B) that were selected by logistic regression and PCA, respectively. Results: Univariate analysis of individual features showed no significant differences. Of all features, gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) joint entropy had a good area under the curve (AUC) and accuracy with the smallest confidence interval, suggesting it may be a good target for further investigation. Some ML classifiers achieved reasonable discrimination between CSactive and CSinactive patients. With signature A, support vector machine and k-neighbors showed good performance with AUC (0.77 and 0.73) and accuracy (0.67 and 0.72), respectively. With signature B, decision tree demonstrated AUC and accuracy around 0.7; Conclusion: CMR radiomic analysis in CS provides promising results to distinguish patients with active and inactive disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1865
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • feature selection
  • imaging
  • machine learning
  • texture analysis


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