Exploring Parents’ Concerns Regarding Long-Term Support and Living Arrangements for Their Children with Fragile X Syndrome

Kaylynn Shuleski, Laura Zalles, Reymundo Lozano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Given limited data regarding future planning specific to Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) individuals and the growing population of individuals within this community, this study sought to explore the concerns and challenges caregivers of individuals affected by FXS encounter when considering long-term support plans. This involved identifying the reasons individuals with FXS continue to reside with family and the reservations caregivers have regarding future supports and living arrangements. We administered an anonymous online survey consisting of 34 questions assessing eligibility, living arrangements/supports, and future concerns. We found that most individuals with FXS were affected with moderate Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD) and co-occurring behavioral conditions but had overall good health. The majority of individuals with FXS currently resided with family due to parental desire, their own desire, and the inability to live independently. For one-third of caregivers, the plan for future living arrangements is to continue residing with family members long-term. A large proportion of caregivers had not considered alternative arrangements or were unsure. More than 70% of caregivers of individuals with FXS are concerned about multiple aspects of the individual’s future. Caregivers of younger individuals are the most concerned, but also believe they have time before they need to plan or are unable to currently assess the future need for support.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1654
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • FXS
  • Fragile X Syndrome
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • caregiver
  • intellectual disability
  • living arrangements


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