Exosome-Based Therapy for Ischemic Stroke: A Bibliometric Analysis of Current Trends and Future Directions

Braxton R. Schuldt, Roshini Kalagara, Susmita Chennareddy, Ian C. Odland, Margaret H. Downes, Emma Reford, James M. Vicari, Muhammad Ali, Abhiraj D. Bhimani, David Putrino, Christopher P. Kellner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Exosomes, or small extracellular vesicles with signaling properties, have recently been identified as novel mechanisms for stroke treatment. This study aims to use bibliometric techniques to identify current research trends and future directions of exosome-based stroke therapy. Methods: The Web of Science Core Collection was searched using terms that included “exosome” and all stroke types. Bibliometric data, including authors, publication years, citations, countries/regions, institutions, journals, and Keywords Plus, were extracted directly from the Web of Science Core Collection. Keywords were mapped using VOSviewer. Results: From 2010 to 2021, 424 documents were identified with a total of 12,708 citations. The number of publications increased yearly from 2012 to 2021, the majority of which were research and review articles. China and the United States produced the most publications with Henry Ford Hospital and Oakland University serving as the 2 most highly published research institutions. Documents were published most frequently in the journal Stroke. Keywords Plus analyses revealed 3 main research areas: exosomes as pathogenic mediators, biomarkers, and treatments of stroke. Ischemic stroke was the most prevalent type of stroke included in these studies. Conclusions: Using bibliometric techniques, this study identified a current and growing interest in the research of exosomes in stroke, particularly in their pathogenic, biomarker, and potential minimally invasive therapeutic properties. Given the high prevalence of ischemic stroke in the current literature, further characterization of exosomes in other stroke types, such as intracerebral hemorrhage, emerges as a future direction for this field of research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e195-e205
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • Exosome
  • Intervention
  • Stroke
  • Technology


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