Examining Diversity Recruitment Efforts in US-Based Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residencies: A Survey of Program Directors on Gender, Ethnic and Racial Diversity, and Implications for Recruitment Efforts

Nicole Barylski, Philip Henson, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, Miguel X. Escalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As the population of the United States continues to grow and diversify, it is critical that the medical profession follows. This study aimed to evaluate aspects of the current landscape of diversity within physical medicine and rehabilitation by surveying program directors of US-based physical medicine and rehabilitation residencies. The secondary aim was to identify program characteristics that correlate with more diverse residency classes. An online, cross-sectional 17-question survey was distributed to program directors of all US-based physical medicine and rehabilitation residencies with known contact information (95/100), with a completed survey response rate of 53% (50/95). Race and ethnicity categories of the survey were based on those used by the US Census. The percentages of individuals identifying as women or those underrepresented in medicine in this survey were below those of the general US population, a trend also seen within the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation overall. Linear regression revealed no statistically significant association between the percentage of underrepresented in medicine residents and commonly used diversity recruitment initiatives. There was a significant association between the presence of a departmental role for diversity, equity and inclusion and the percentage of women residents (odds ratio, 1.13; P = 0.017). Continued research is required to identify additional strategies with demonstrated efficacy in recruiting diverse residency applicants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Diversity
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Recruitment
  • Residency
  • Underrepresented in Medicine

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