Examining child flourishing, family resilience, and adversity in the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health

Kristi K. Westphaln, Eunice Lee, Eileen K. Fry-Bowers, Lawrence C. Kleinman, Sarah D. Ronis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Explore factors associated with flourishing and family resilience among children aged 6 months to 5 years old in the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). Design and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2016 NSCH was conducted using Kleinman and Norton's Regression Risk Analysis method to derive adjusted risk measures for logistic regression models to assess factors contributing to (1) child flourishing and (2) child flourishing stratified between resilient and non-resilient families. Results: In multivariable models, resilient families less often reported a child with two or more lifetime ACE exposures (ARD −0.11, 95% CI −0.15, −0.08), more likely to live in a supportive neighborhood (ARD 0.08, 95% CI 0.05,0.11), and more likely to report emotional support in raising children (ARD 0.07, 95% CI 0.12, 0.40). Accounting for ACE exposures, within resilient families, child flourishing was more likely when the child lived in a supportive neighborhood (ARD 0.09, 95% CI 0.03, 0.15), received care in a patient centered medical home (ARD 0.09, 95% CI 0.02,0.15), and when parents reported having emotional support in raising children (ARD 0.10, 95% CI 0.05, 0.17) Within non-resilient families, child flourishing was more likely when parents had emotional support in raising children (ARD 0.15, 95% CI 0.04,0.27). Conclusion: Promoting emotional support for parents may bolster family resilience and help young children to flourish despite adversity. Practice implications: Further research and innovative models of care are needed to optimize the role of pediatric primary care in promoting safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for children and families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
Volume66
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACEs
  • Family resilience
  • Flourishing
  • National Survey of Children's Health
  • Pediatric primary care
  • Pediatrics

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