The regenerative potential of human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is functionally defined by their ability to provide life-long blood cell production and to repopulate myeloablated allogeneic transplant recipients. The expansion of HSC numbers is dependent not only on HSC divisions but also on a coordinated adaptation of HSCs to metabolic stress. These variables are especially critical during the ex vivo culture of HSCs with cytokine combinations, which frequently results in HSC exhaustion. We have previously reported that human CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) can be efficiently reprogrammed ex vivo and that the number of phenotypic HSCs with long-term repopulation capacity is expanded in the presence of a combination of cytokines and an epigenetic modifier. Here, we present evidence that ex vivo HSC reprogramming and maintenance is accompanied by increased transcripts of genes regulating metabolic integrity, including SIRT1 and SIRT3.