Evolving growth hormone deficiency: proof of concept

Sri Nikhita Chimatapu, Swathi Sethuram, Julie G. Samuels, Alexandra Klomhaus, Cassie Mintz, Martin O. Savage, Robert Rapaport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: We present the evolution of GHD in adolescent males with persistent growth failure, in whom the diagnosis was established after a second GH stimulation test (GST). Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of children who presented for short stature (height less < 2SD for mean/mid-parental height) and/or growth failure (sustained growth velocity < 0 SD) to pediatric endocrinology at Mount Sinai Kravis Children’s Hospital, New York and who had 2 GSTs. Data collected from electronic medical records were analyzed using SPSS v28.0 Results: Of 53 patients included, 42 were males. Average GH peak on initial GST was 15.48 ± 4.92 ng/ml, at 10.07 ± 2.65 years, mean height -1.68 ± 0.56SD(28% had <2SD), IGF-1 -1.00 ± 0.88SD. After 2.23 ± 1.22 years, at 12.04 ± 2.41years, height SDs decreased to -1.82 ± 0.63SD and IGF-1 was -1.08 ± 0.84SD. At repeat GST, average GH peak was 7.59 ± 2.12 ng/dL, with 36% ≤7 ng/dl and 32% in puberty. 12 males reached adult height of 0.08 ± 0.69 SD with a mean height gain of 1.83 ± 0.56SD(p<0.005), IGF-1 of -1.15 ± 0.81SD after 4.64 ± 1.4 years of GH. Conclusion: We offer evidence for Evolving Growth Hormone Deficiency (EGHD) through repeat GST in children with persistent growth slowdown, even with pubertal progression; emphasizing the need for careful longitudinal follow-up to make accurate diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1398171
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
StatePublished - 2024


  • growth
  • growth hormone deficiency
  • growth hormone stimulation test
  • growth hormone therapy
  • idiopathic short stature


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