Evidence of Atypical Recurrences after Robot-Assisted Radical Cystectomy: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature

François Audenet, John P. Sfakianos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has seen remarkable growth in the last decade. Despite a low level of evidence, numerous publications reporting on outcomes after RARC are now available. While definitive data on the long-term oncologic safety and efficacy of this technique are still lacking, similar oncological and functional outcomes compared to open radical cystectomy (ORC) have been reported. Several studies have also reported on atypical recurrences after RARC, including peritoneal carcinomatosis, extra-pelvic lymph node metastasis and port-site metastasis. While distant metastases overall do not appear to be affected by technique, it is possible that RARC may be associated with an increased risk of some atypical recurrences and this should be prospectively studied in RARC. However, atypical recurrences are rare events and are infrequent in their description. To date, there is no convincing evidence that, in the hands of equally experienced surgeons who treat bladder cancer routinely, a skillfully performed RARC is less oncologically efficacious than a skillfully performed ORC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalBladder Cancer
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Radical cystectomy
  • atypical recurrence
  • robotic-assisted

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