Evidence from skewed X inactivation for trisomy mosaicism in Silver-Russell syndrome

Andrew Sharp, Gudrun Moore, Thomas Eggermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The finding of maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 7 (matUPD7) in approximately 7% of Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) cases has lead to the assumption that imprinted gene(s) on chromosome 7 are responsible for at least some cases. However, the observation in a familial case that both maternal and paternal inheritance of proximal 7p results in an SRS-like phenotype suggests that the causative genes may not be imprinted, and that an extra copy of genes within this region cause SRS. As all cases of complete matUPD7 could have arisen by trisomy rescue, it is possible that undetected trisomy 7 mosaicism contributes towards the phenotype of SRS, and that the matUPD7 seen in some cases is a consequence of trisomy rescue. Previous studies in cases of trisomy rescue for a number of autosomes have shown a strong association with skewed X inactivation in diploid tissues. Thus, we hypothesised that if trisomy mosaicism was involved in SRS, the frequency of skewed X inactivation should be increased in a population of non-matUPD7 SRS patients. Consistent with this hypothesis, results showed a significant increase in the frequency of completely skewed X inactivation in SRS patients (three of 29) when compared to controls (three of 270), suggesting the possible presence of undetected trisomy 7 in SRS patients and/or their placentas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-891
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mosaicism
  • Silver-Russell syndrome
  • Skewed X inactivation
  • Trisomy 7

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