22 Scopus citations


Cold temperature, dietary restriction, reduced insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling, and mutations in mitochondrial genes have all been shown to extend the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans (Kenyon et al., Nature 366:461-464, 1993; Klass, Mech Ageing Dev 6:413-429, 1977; Lakowski and Hekimi, Science 272:1010-1013, 1996). Additionally, all of them extend the lifespan of mice (Bluher et al., Science 299:572-574, 2003; Conti et al., Science 314:825-828, 2006; Holzenberger et al., Nature 421:182-187, 2003; Liu et al., Genes Dev 19:2424-2434, 2005; Weindruch and Walford, Science 215:1415-1418, 1982). The mechanism by which these treatments extend lifespan is currently unknown, but our study uses an epistatic approach to show that these four manipulations are mainly additive in terms of lifespan. Classical interpretation of this data suggests that these manipulations are independent of each other. However, using a Gompertz mortality rate analysis, the maximum mortality rate doubling time can be achieved through the use of only dietary restriction and cold temperature, suggesting that the mechanisms by which cold temperature and caloric restriction extend lifespan are the only independent mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-49
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2010


  • Aging
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Gompertz analysis
  • Lifespan


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